Insulating concrete form (ICF) systems

These types of systems are based on large hollow lightweight block components, generally manufactured from expanded polystyrene, that lock together like pieces of a puzzle, to provide a rigid formwork system.

Concrete is then poured into the hollow chambers of the blocks and once set, the concrete becomes a high strength structure. The formwork permanently remains in place as the thermal insulant, and can offer u-values ranging from 0.30 W/m²K to 0.11 W/m²K – ideal for zero-carbon buildings.

ICF systems offers excellent thermal, acoustic and wind resistant properties along with fantastic design flexibility, so much so that after the blocks have been initially assembled, it is possible to verify the design before any concrete is poured, enabling any preferred or beneficial modifications to be made with minimum disruption. This would not be possible with alternative building methods.

All service cables and pipes are easily concealed within channels that can simply be cut into the foam walls, eliminating the need for specific service ducts, and thereby increasing the internal dimensions of a structure.

WBS have long existing business partnerships with numerous ICF manufacturers in the UK who offer a wide range of component widths, shapes, integral ties and reinforcement options that achieve different levels of performance.

WBS’s renders are ideal for use with ICF systems and can be applied directly to the formwork.

Thin-coat silicone & acrylic and brick slip cladding systems, all offer a perfect finish that will give any ICF building a seamless, attractive finish.

Although silicone and acrylic render systems are reinforced using alkali resistant scrim cloth as standard, areas that may be at risk from high levels of impact damage, such as through traffic areas, are often reinforced using ‘armour mesh’.

Polystyrene & Expandable Polystyrene (EPS) Market is Expected to Reach USD 42.11 Billion | 2020

Transparency Market Research has published a new report titled “Polystyrene & Expandable Polystyrene (EPS) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2014 – 2020.” According to the report, the global polystyrene EPS market was valued at USD 30.66 billion in 2013 and is anticipated to reach USD 42.11 billion by 2020, expanding at a CAGR of 4.7% from 2014 to 2020.

Rising demand from the packaging industry in BRICS countries is expected to be one of the major factors driving the global polystyrene & EPS market. Additionally, increasing demand from consumer electronics and electronic components industries is anticipated to boost the global polystyrene & EPS market. However, volatility in prices of raw materials is estimated to hamper market growth during the forecast period. Availability of high performance substitutes such as polypropylene and polyethylene is also likely to be a major restraining factor for the global polystyrene & EPS market.

Packaging emerged as the largest application of the global polystyrene & EPS market in 2013. Increasing demand for polystyrene & EPS in BRICS countries and approval of the FDA for packaging application is projected to drive the segment during the forecast period. In terms of volume, demand for polystyrene & EPS from electrical & electronics application is anticipated to rise at a CAGR of 4.5% from 2014 to 2020. Polystyrene & EPS are primarily used in thermal insulation of roofing, flooring and other industrial processes due to their insulation properties. Other applications of polystyrene & EPS include its usage in petri dishes, CD cases, plastic cutlery and disposable razors.

China dominated the global polystyrene & EPS market in 2013 due to high demand from packaging and electrical & electronics industries. In terms of volume, the country accounted for 37.1% of the total polystyrene & EPS market in 2013. Rising demand for polystyrene & EPS for packaging application in Rest of the World is led by an increase in per capita disposable income and key global events Football World Cup 2014 and Olympics 2016 in the region. Increasing demand for polystyrene & EPS from the thermal insulation industry in Europe is projected to fuel market growth for polystyrene & EPS during the forecast period. The market for polystyrene & EPS in Rest of Asia Pacific is expected to expand at the highest growth rate in the next few years due to growth in packaging and consumer electronics industries in the region.

EPS (Expandable Polystyrene)

EPS has created itself a broad utilization with its flexible structure in respect of processability in many areas and sectors. The fact that it is economical, safe and also recyclable is increasing the interest shown in this product. EPS is preferred and used for building and construction applications:

  • For Insulation Applications with its low thermal conductivity coefficient
  • For Panel Applications as thermal insulation filler for sandwich roof and facade
  • For Decorative Applications with its easy molding and process facility
  • For Foundation Applications which, thanks to its light weight, avoids additional load to the building and ensures high thermal performance
  • For Geofoam Applications under the scope of ground improvement chastening by reducing the maintenance, the application cost and the application time


The utilization of EPS in the packaging sector is usable for almost the entire industry and for all consumer products, so EPS is able to provide all properties expected from a packaging material.

  • Durable Consumer Goods (white appliances i.e. refrigerator, dishwasher and washing machine)
  • Electronic Goods ( TV, stereo, computer, etc.)
  • Food Products (fruits, vegetable, fish and sea products, meat and meat products, milk products)

The eighth Islamic Business and Investment Conference of 2017

Mr.Dayani, President of the Entrepreneurs’ Forum of Iran and Managing Director of Entekhab Group (SNOWA), has been introduced as an elite of the Islamic world in Malaysia and received a statue from the organizers.
After receiving this award, Mr.Dayani paid attention to the capabilities and human capital of each country. He stressed that the solidarity of the Islamic world in the development of the global economy depends on the cooperation between the Islamic economic entrepreneurs.
With emphasis on Islamic economics, he said: People want economics, culture, spirituality and ethics together, Also he mentioned that common human morality can create a vibrant community of human societies and promote security and tranquility. He emphasized that the development of entrepreneurial culture is important for any country.

Europe Styrene Analysis

The Asian styrene market, one of the main influencers of the European, is currently weak although inventories in the region are low.

Demand in China is reasonable, according to sources, but the environmental as well as credit issues have somehow changed the market’s behavior.

September was another month that proved how volatile the market is, with prices at high levels in the first two weeks and an immediate change of mood in the second half of the month.

Still, some sources said they still consider this sort of volatility manageable.

“Whoever thinks that the styrene market is now volatile, they have to look back at 2001 or so when the industry was under extremely unstable conditions,” said one source.

The derivatives markets are largely affected by the sharp upward or downward movements of the styrene price but investment could be the answer to volatility.

“For example, expandable polystyrene producers should take a decision and invest on a second plant and build solid stock levels, so they do not have to worry about styrene shortages and price spikes,” a styrene trader said.

On the imports side, some sources said that the European styrene market could export material to Asia, although this is not a usual route.

“The US market cannot be Asia’s source for November delivery styrene, but Europe could,” the trader said.

“Europe is structurally long; volumes could leave for Asia but prices do not work for the moment,” it added.

The sources were speaking on the sidelines of the 51st European Petrochemical Association (EPCA) annual meeting, which runs from 30 September to 3 October in Berlin.

Snowa / Plast Eurasia İstanbul 2016

Plast Eurasia İstanbul 2016, the best trading platform of Turkish plastics industry will be opened on Wednesday, December 7, 2016 which is organized by Tüyap in cooperation with PAGEV - Turkish Plastics Industry Foundation.

The four-day event has been taking place at the Tüyap Fair Convention and Congress Center in Istanbul and is considered the most significant and extensive meeting of the plastics industry in Turkey and Eurasia.

Entekhab investment development Group and PKCCI as group’s international trading arm for exporting oil & petrochemicals will attend in Plast Eurasia fair in order to introduce EPS (expandable Polystyrene) products and lunch SNOWA EPS brand a high quality products which produce by the group first petrochemical plant (Entekhab Polystyrene Petrochemical Industrial Development Company) in Assaluyeh and also presenting our trading polymers which supply from Iranian petrochemicals.

Initiating the production of Expansion Polystyrene NON-HBCD

In order to improve the quality of the products, Entekhab Polystyrene Petrochemical , has put producing NON-HBCD products on the agenda and soon mass production of this product is going to initiate in order to enter international markets.

This company, in addition to getting ROHS AND ISO 9001 certificates,  is doing his best to receive also REACH certificate in order to enter valid European markets.

Iran Plans to Launch 5 Petchem Projects by March

Iran is to launch 5 new petrochemical projects within the remaining two month of the current calendar year to March 20, a senior petrochemical official said.

Managing Director of the National Petrochemical Company (NPC), Marziyeh Shahdaei, said that 4 projects will come on-stream during the Fajr Decade, marked as the anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution, one by the yearend, and three others early next year.

Phase II of Kavian Petchem Plant (with 1mt/y output), phase II of Morvarid plant (with 550,000 tons of annual output), and Entekhab Plant (with 250,000 tons of output per annum) will be launched during the decade and phase II of Pardis Petrochemical Plant (with one million tons of output per annum) will become operational by the yearend, she said.

Iranian petrochemical plants can supply over 64 million tons of petrochemicals annually which will reach 100 million tons within the next 5 years, she said.

Iran has exported 9 million dollars of petrochemicals since the beginning of the year.

Snowa; On track to takeover petrochemical world markets

Snowa; On track to takeover petrochemical world markets

Polystyrene, the product of Entekhab Petrochemicals, which has entered the market under the brand of Snowa, after going through the markets of the region, this time, is going to be exposed to the customers in International Exhibitions.

According to Public Affairs Section of Entekhab Polystyrene Petrochemical Industry Development Company, it’s Sales and Marketing department, has attended the Guangzhou, China exhibition which is the biggest Plastic and Rubber exhibition in Asia and second in the world, to introduce this brand to the world markets.

On the other hand, Entekhab Petrochemical has also planned to hold the first Snowa sales conference during mentioned exhibition to be able to implement face to face marketing and introduce the product as well as possible to the target society.

In accordance with the schedule, after the exhibition and the conference in China, several Snowa Polystyrene international seminars are going to be held in Russia, Turkey, UAE, Germany and Brazil in ordert to introduce this product and it’s brand better and better.

Iran’s Entekhab group eyes expansion, new plants

Iran’s Entekhab Investment Development Group is planning to expand its business – as sancitons on the country are set to be lifted by early next year - by adding new production facilities of expandable polystyrene (EPS), linear alkyl benzene (LAB) and formalin, the group’s CEO, Mohammad Reza Dayyani, said.

The company aims to complete the construction of three new EPS plants with a combined capacity of 420,000 tonnes/year by 2017, Dayyani told ICIS in an email interview.

The first 250,000 tonne/year plant is expected to come on line in January 2016, while the second plant, with 120,000 tonnes/year capacity, is expected to start by the end of 2016. The third unit, with 50,000 tonnes/year capacity, is expected to come on stream some time in 2017.

All three units will be located in Assaluyeh Styrene Park, in southern Iran.

The local Iranian market is expected to offtake 150,000 tonnes/year EPS from the company’s production, while 270,000 tonnes/year would be set aside for exports, he said.

“The target market will be Europe and Asia, especially China, and around 30% of production would be exported to the Middle East,” he added.

EPS has growing demand from the construction sector, especially in Iran and the Middle East.

Besides EPS, Entekhab is also planning production of LAB, with one 40,000 tonne/year plant in Arvand Free Zone in Khuzestan province expected to come on stream at the end of 2017 and one 110,000 tonne/year formalin unit in Qeshm Free Zone in Hormozgan province scheduled to start up in the middle of next year, he said.

LAB is used as an intermediate for the production of surfactants and detergents, while Formalin is a feedstock for trimethylolpropane, a trivalent alcohol used for numerous products in the automotive, furniture and construction industries.

International sanctions on Iran for its nuclear programme are expected to be lifted by early 2016, which will allow Entekhab further access to the European markets, Dayyani added.

Iran’s chemical industry growth has been stifled by tough western sanctions, which have cut access to global technology, expertise, and financing.

However, that is set to change as on 14 July, Iran and the six world powers struck a landmark comprehensive agreement to curb Tehran’s nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of the crippling economic and financial sanctions.

Meanwhile Iran plans to double petrochemical capacity to 120m tonnes/year by around 2018, according to documents seen by ICIS in July this year.

Dayyani said the company was “largely unaffected by the sanctions” because its home appliance business was mostly for the domestic markets.

Entekhab started its activities in 1988 by entering home appliances field. Later, the group ventured in trading and manufacturing, while future business interests include steel industries and building construction, Dayyani added.